One of the most common road accident causes is slippery roads or unroadworthy vehicles — tyres with no grip, for instance. That aside, driving a car outside its predetermined driving conditions can be dangerous. All these situations will test the tyre’s traction, according to road experts in Hamilton.
Manufacturers design tyres with tread patterns that improve their grip. In other tyre designs, the most common tread patterns improve grip only as long as the car is driven as intended.
For a vehicle to serve you well, pick trends that enhance traction in many driving conditions. That way, even changes in seasons will not deem your car useless. Learn about the basic tyre tread patterns below.
Symmetric tread patterns
In this case, the outboard and inboard parts of the pattern have the same design. Symmetric patterns are common because they allow tyres to roll both clockwise and counter-clockwise.
You can also fit them to any position of the wheel. Additionally, they allow flexibility when it comes to servicing because all recommended rotation patterns are doable.
Asymmetric patterns have the inboard portion differing from the outboard pattern. In a corner, when vehicles lean, they increase stress on the outboard shoulders making it necessary to have more substantial outboard pattern elements.
The asymmetric design, therefore, improves stability when cornering. The smaller inboard elements help improve traction in wet weather.
Directional tread patterns
In this case, the tread patterns are V-shaped grooves that face the shoulders. They eliminate water from the tread. Tyres with this pattern have a predetermined direction indicated by an arrow on the sidewalls. In these cars, only wet conditions affect traction.
High-performance vehicles often combine the directional and asymmetric patterns. Whatever the case, it is important to notice the design of your tread patterns so that you are well aware of what to expect when driving.
Additionally, the tread patterns will affect serviceability by either limiting or promoting the recommended rotation.