One of the barriers for people who want to have dental implants in Hampshire fitted, to replace their missing teeth, has been the condition of their jawbone. This is because the dental implants need to be securely anchored into strong dense bone material so that they can withstand the powerful, multidirectional forces created by biting and chewing. Being able to bite and chew properly are the main advantages of having dental implants.
Time and research have moved dental implants in Hampshire on, and there are now several ways that people whose jawbones are not so great can still take advantage of the only kind of tooth restoration that gives the wearer back full functionality of their mouth without destroying other healthy teeth in the process.
The jawbone quickly loses its size and density in the areas where teeth have been lost. This is because without the tiny vibrations of teeth clacking down through the roots into the bone, the cells do not receive the signals to renew themselves. With no vibration, their signal is that this bit of bone is no longer needed and it starts to dissolve itself so that calcium can be used elsewhere in the body.
Dentists have found great ways to get around this problem, however.
Bone can be taken from elsewhere in the body, such as the thigh, and inserted into the jawbone under the gum. This will stimulate the jawbone to regrow. In the upper jaw the bone goes into the sinus cavity, and is known as a sinus lift.
Above the upper jawbone is the dense cheek bone, into which extra long implants can be inserted. They go up through the jawbone and sinus, and are called zygomatic implants.
Diabetes and smoking
An important stage in the implant journey is the healing stage, during which the titanium implant encourages the surrounding bone to produce new bone tissue and blood vessels. They mesh with the implant to hold it securely in place. This process can be impeded if the patient is either a smoker, or has uncontrolled type 2 diabetes.
Both of these need to be sorted out before dental implants in Hampshire can be fitted.