Cleft LipMany children suffer from birth defects and one of the most common are craniofacial abnormalities. Craniofacial abnormality is a medical term used to describe disorders of the head and the face.

Most medical professionals believe that these abnormalities are due to numerous factors and not a single cause. Combination of genes from both parents, environmental exposures and folic acid deficiency of the mother during pregnancy are the common factors seen as the cause of these disorders.

CranioFacial MD noted that surgical repair is usually the ideal resolution for these problems. Two of the most common birth defects which can be corrected through surgery are:

  1. Cleft Lip

A cleft lip is a disorder usually seen as an incomplete development or formation of the upper lip during pregnancy. This disorder can be exhibited in varying degrees from mild to severe. Mild conditions usually involve just a small separation or incomplete development of the upper lip while a severe case is usually seen as a large split from the upper lip up to the nose of the child.

  1. Cleft Palate

A cleft palate is a defect which involves an incomplete closure of the roof the mouth of the baby. Like cleft lips, this defect differs depending on severity with some involving only the roof of the mouth, while some extends up to the nose. In some cases, it can also extend to the throat.

Babies and children suffering from cleft palate and lip will have difficulty in feeding, sometimes food and drinks can come out of the nose due to difficulty in swallowing and speech impairment is also a major problem. Surgical repair of these abnormalities will not correct their physical appearance, but will also improve their wellbeing and quality of life by enabling your child to grow and function normally.